On 15th July 1938 August Landmesser was arrested
again. From a newspaper report on the trial against August Landmesser
- "Aryan committed Rassenschande.
The accused, August Landmesser, blamed his relapse on the fact that he was
primarily concerned about his children whom he feared to lose if he broke
off the relationship completely. The public procecutor gave a stern warning
that "Rassenschande" by a true-blooded German male was to be
regarded as a breach of trust with his 'Volksgemeinschaft' (racial community).
In this case, despite a number of extenuating circumstances, a long jail
sentence was the only option. He moved for three and a half years
imprisonment. The verdict was two and a half years penal servitude for
In passing sentence, the Court maintained that if the purity of the Gennan
race is to be successfully maintained, then such violations of the Race Pro-
tection Law (Rassenschutzgesetze) must be severely punished; that applies to
Aryans as much as Jews. However, in this case the Court did not totally
ignore the human aspect of the case. The Court was concerned not so much
with the relationship of the accused with the woman involved, who is hardly
a very worthy character, but rather his relationship with his children, for
which the Court has every sympathy. However, the situation was aggravated by
the defendant resuming the for- bidden relationship and thus acknowledging
neither restraint nor repentance. This was also the reason for the Court's
decision to impose a sentence of penal servitude. Dr. Sch"
Now the secret directive of June 1937 could be
put into effect! On 18th July 1938, three days after August's arrest, Irma
Eckler was picked up by the Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei; Secret State Police)
No record of her arrest is to be found. However,
from registers of accounts for expenses and number of days of detention (records
of public prosecutor's office at Higher County Court - Administration), it can
be determined that she was in the Fuhlsbüttel police cells from l8th until 29th
July 1938 and in the City of Hamburg remand prison (women's section) from 20th
until 23rd October 1938. (Public-record office Hamburg 213-1 )
Also, her KZ-number from Ravensbrück (928/574)
testifies to the fact that she was imprisoned before September 1938 because it
can be proved that the number 1021 was issued on 9th September 1938 in
The children were sent to the municipal orphanage,
Averhoffstraße, because in 1938 children were not yet deported with their
mothers. The Jewish grandmother was refused entry to the orphanage and denied
custody of the children. Only her Aryan husband managed to get Ingrid released
into his care. Irene had to remain at the orphanage.
A family separated...